pope gregory xiii

Gregory XIII spared no efforts to restore the Catholic Faith in the countries that had become Protestant. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. He entrusted the learned Cardinal Sirleto with the difficult undertaking. //
Perhaps one of the happiest events during his pontificate was his arrival at Rome of four Japanese ambassadors on 22 March, 1585.

He would later leave the family home to study law, which he taught after finishing his degree. But from the time he became pope he followed in the footsteps of his holy predecessor, and was thoroughly imbued with the consciousness of the great responsibility connected with his exalted position. Gregory XIII is one of the only popes to father a child. FOSTER, History of the Popes (London, 1906), I, 319-333; BROSCH, Gesch. For stemming the tide of Protestantism, which already had wrested entire nations from the bosom of the Church, Gregory XIII knew of no better means than a thorough training of the candidates for holy priesthood in Catholic philosophy and theology. Up to this time he had not been ordained a priest. Gregory was helpless against these lawless bands. The first edition of the new martyrology, which came out in 1582, was full of typographical errors; likewise the second edition of 1583. Thirty-four cardinals were appointed during his pontificate, and in their appointment he always had the had the welfare of the Church in view. APA citation.

The papal influence over the aristocracy being thus weakened, the barons of the Romagna made war against each other, and a period of bloodshed ensued which Gregory XIII was helpless to prevent.

Birthplace: Bologna, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. To meet the expenses entailed by his liberality and extravagance, Gregory resorted to confiscation, on the pretext of defective titles or long-standing arrearages. Omissions?

. At his election to the papal throne he had already completed his seventieth year, but was still strong and full of energy. The barons were in continual fear lest some of their property would be wrested from them in this way. That Gregory XIII did not approve of the massacre, but detested the cruel act and shed tears when he was apprised of it, is expressly stated even by the apostate Gregario Leti in his "Vita di Sisto V" (Cologne, 1706), I, 431-4, anad by Beautome, a contemporary of Gregory XIII, in his "Vie de M. l'Amiralde Chastillon" (Complete works, The Hague, 1740, VIII, 196). Nihil Obstat. //]]> . FOSTER, History of the Popes (London, 1906), I, 319-333; BROSCH, Gesch. Condition: --not specified. Ott, Michael. Moreover, the imposition of port charges at Aneona and the levy of import taxes on Venetian goods by the papal government, crippled commerce to a considerable extent.

He approved the Congregation of the Oratory in 1574, the Barnabites in 1579, and the Discaleed Carmalites in 1580. Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great!

To carry out the council’s decree ordering the establishment of seminaries, he founded several colleges and seminaries, including the Gregorian University, and delegated their direction to the Jesuits, whom he patronized. Pope Gregory XIII. While in Spain he was appointed secretary of papal Briefs, and after the election of Pius V, 7 Jan., 1566, he returned to Rome to enter upon his new office. APA citation.

The new Gregorian calendar, introduced on February 24, 1582, in the bull Inter gravissimas (“In the gravest concern”), advanced the date by 10 days (October 4 was to be followed by October 15 that year) and relied on a new method of calculating leap years. While working with Pope Pius IV, he strengthened his relationship with the Church and became a cardinal and then a cardinal deacon.

The medal which Gregory XIII had struck in memory of the event bears his effigy on the obverse, which ion the reverse under the legend Vgonotiorum Strages (overthrow of the Huguenots ) stands an angel with cross and drawn sword, killing the Huguenots. However, he received the news of the massacre of St. Bartholomew (23rd of August 1572) with joy, and publicly celebrated the event, having been led to believe, according to his apologists, that France had been miraculously delivered, and that the Huguenots had suffered justly as traitors. On the 13th of May 1572 he was chosen pope to succeed Pope Pius V. His previous life had been rather worldly, and not wholly free from spot; but as pope he gave no occasion of offense.
Perhaps one of the happiest events during his pontificate was his arrival at Rome of four Japanese ambassadors on 22 March, 1585.

Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! On his return to Rome he held various offices in the Roman Curia under Julius III (1550-1555), who also appointed him prolegate of the Campagna in 1555. The first of these institutions that enjoyed the pope's liberality was the German College at Rome, which for lack of funds was in danger of being abandoned. Another great literary achievement of Gregory XIII is an official Roman edition of the Corpus juris canonici. In recognition of his many improvements in Rome the senate and the people erected a statue in his honour on the Capitoline Hill, when he was still living. Under Paul IV (1555-1559) he accompanied Cardinal Alfonso Caraffa on a papal mission to Philip II in Flanders, and upon his return was appointed Bishop of Viesti in 1558. The cardinal formed a committee, consisting of ten members, who assisted him in the work.

After the death of Pius V on 1 May, 1572, Ugo Buoncompagni was elected pope on 13 May, 1572, chiefly through the influence of Cardinal Antoine Granvella , and took the name of Gregory XIII. Ott, Michael. He founded numerous colleges and seminaries at Rome and other suitable places and put most of them under the direction of the Jesuits.

In order to safeguard the Catholic religion in Germany, he instituted a special Congregation of Cardinals for German affairs, the so-called Congregatio Germanica , which lasted from 1573-1578. The future pope was born into a prominent Italian family.

Outside of Rome the following colleges were either founded or liberally endowed by Gregory XIII: the English college at Donai, the Scotch college at Pont-à-Mousson, the papal seminaries at Graz, Vienna, Olmutz, Prague, Colosvar, Fulda, Augsburg, Dillingen, Braunsberg, Milan, Loreto, Fribourg in Switzerland, and three schools in Japan.

In the Briefs "Cum pro munere", dated 1 July, 1580, and "Emendationem", dated 2 June, 1582, Gregory XIII ordered that henceforth only the emended official text was to be used and that in the future no other text should be printed. October 4, 1582; Events in the Life of Gregory XIII. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.CONTACT US | ADVERTISE WITH NEW ADVENT. This page was last changed on 4 June 2020, at 12:27. The Premonstratensians he honoured by canonizing their founder, St. Norbert, in 1582. In 1564 he was made cardinal by Pope Pius IV, and, in the following year, sent to Spain as legate. Gregory XIII, born Ugo Buoncompagno, Roman Catholic Pope from 1572 to 1585, was born on the 7th of January 1502, in Bologna, where he received his education, and subsequently taught, until called to Rome (1539) by Pope Paul III, who employed him in various offices.
Greg. Ecclesiastical approbation. In 1581, Gregory XIII dispatched the Jesuit Antonio Possevino as nuncio to Russia, to mediate between Tsar Ivan IV and King Bathory of Poland. Though he gave his son his name, Ugo did not marry the boy’s mother and instead turned to the Church. [1], In 1564, he was made a cardinal by Pope Pius IV.[1].

No expense appeared too high to him, if only it was made for the benefit of the Catholic religion. The same care he exercised in the appointment of cardinals. Like his holy predecessor, Gregory XIII spared no efforts to further an expedition against the Turks. He appointed committees of cardinals to investigate abuses among ecclesiastics and to draft the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (“Index of Forbidden Books”). Despite Lilius’ ingenious … MLA citation.

Gregory XIII had nothing whatever to do with the plot of Henry, Duke of Guise, and his brother, Charles, Duke of Mayenne, to assassinate the queen, and most probably knew nothing whatever about it (see Bellesheim, "Wilhelm Cardinal Allen", Mainz, 1885, p. 144). He is best known for commissioning and being the namesake for the Gregorian calendar, which remains the internationally accepted civil calendar to this date. If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. His youth was not stainless. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Janet van Heyst. Two of his nephews, Filippo Buoncompagni and Filippo Vastavillano, he created cardinals because he considered them worthy of the dignity; but when a third one aspired after the purple, he did not even grant him an audience. … At the first consistory he ordered the Constitution of Pius V, which forbade the alienation of church property, to be read publicly, and pledged himself to carry into execution the decrees of the Council of Trent.

This article was transcribed for New Advent by Janet van Heyst. While still at Bologna, a son, named Giacomo, was born to him of an unmarried woman. Early Life

des Kirchenstaates (Gotha, 1880), I, 300 sqq. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. In these schools numerous missionaries were trained for the various countries where Protestantism had been made the state religion and for the missions among the pagans in China, India, and Japan.

He was especially friendly towards the Jesuits, whose rapid spread during the pontificate was greatly due to his encouragement and financial assistance. No other act of Gregory XIII has gained for him a more lasting fame than his reform of the Julian calendar which was completed and introduced into most Catholic countries in 1578. Ecclesiastical approbation. Up to this time he had not been ordained a priest.

Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull, "Inter Gravissimus" on February 24, 1582 that established the Gregorian calendar as the new and official calendar of the Catholic world. Shortly after the conclusion of the Council of Trent, Pius IV had appointed a committee which was to bring out a critical edition of the Decree of Gratian. In the Briefs "Cum pro munere", dated 1 July, 1580, and "Emendationem", dated 2 June, 1582, Gregory XIII ordered that henceforth only the emended official text was to be used and that in the future no other text should be printed. He cannot be charged with nepotism.

The large sums of money spent in this manner necessarily reduced the papal treasury. Amid these disturbances Gregory died, on the 10th of April 1585, leaving to his successor, Pope Sixtus V, the task of pacifying the state. Thirty-four cardinals were appointed during his pontificate, and in their appointment he always had the had the welfare of the Church in view. (Rome, 1712); PAGI, Breviarium Gestorum Pontificum Romanorum (Antwerp, 1753), VI, 718-863; RANKE, Die römischen Papste, tr.

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