utu meaning samoan
This dictionary comprises a selection of modern and everyday language that will be extremely useful for learners of the Māori language.

/ They were also painted by him and the price he asked was right for his work. Online activities for further practice for each episode of Tōku Reo, the television series for beginners of Māori language. 1908, Last spike completes North Island main trunk railway, Home Online activities of the Te Whanake textbooks for playback on computers, television or portable devices. The Journal of Sāmoan Studies, Volume 4 49 Sa'a fa'aoti le utu a le faimea' Using the Samoan language in educational research: some tips for first time researchers Desmond Lee Hang Abstract The use of the Samoan language in qualitative educational research in Samoa is on the


(noun) revenge, vengeance, retaliation, payback, retribution, cost, price, wage, fee, payment, salary, reciprocity - an important concept concerned with the maintenance of balance and harmony in relationships between individuals and groups and order within Māori society, whether through gift exchange or as a result of hostilities between groups. Māori spoke of ‘our Pākehā’. Mana is often referred to as status; a person with mana had a presence. 2): 3. 3. Ka taea anō te whakarite tētahi utu mehemea kua pā tētahi tino mate ki ngā tāngata tika ki te whenua (RT 2013:99). Gift exchange, a major component of utu, created reciprocal obligations on the parties involved and established permanent and personal relationships. (Te Kākano I waiatatia ai e Matangi-hauroa te waiata nei ki a Te Whatanui e whai ana kia oho te iwi o Te Whatanui kia haere ki te rapu utu mō te parekura (M 2004:298). Culture and Society If social relations are disturbed, utu is a means of restoring balance. 2. The general principles that underlie utu are the obligations that exist between individuals and groups. Mana influenced the behaviour of people and groups, and was sought through achievements and successes. While mana was inherited, individuals could also acquire, increase or lose it through their actions. It is closely linked to mana and includes … Utu in the form of gift exchange established and maintained social bonds and obligations. It is closely linked to mana and includes reciprocation of kind deeds as well as revenge. revenge, vengeance, retaliation, payback, retribution, cost, price, wage, fee, payment, salary, reciprocity - an important concept concerned with the maintenance of balance and harmony in relationships between individuals and groups and order within Māori society, whether through gift exchange or as a result of hostilities between groups. Te Aka Māori-English, English-Māori Dictionary and Index by John C Moorfield. Any deleterious external influence could weaken the psychological state of the individual or group, but utu could reassert control over the influences and restore self-esteem and social standing. / This song was sung by Matangi-hauroa to Te Whatanui with the object of rousing Te Whatanui's people to go and seek revenge for the defeat.

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