vatican city government
[42][43], The difference between the two coats of arms is that the arms of the Holy See have the gold key in bend and the silver key in bend sinister[44][45] (as in the sede vacante coat of arms and in the external ornaments of the papal coats of arms of individual popes), while the reversed arrangement of the keys was chosen for the arms of the newly founded Vatican City State in 1929. Vatican Radio, which was organized by Guglielmo Marconi, broadcasts on short-wave, medium-wave and FM frequencies and on the Internet. The Vatican also controls its own Internet top-level domain, which is registered as (.va). These organs concentrate on material questions concerning the state's territory, including local security, records, transportation, and finances. Important actions of the Governorate must be confirmed by the Pontifical Commission and by the Pope through the Secretariat of State. [28] This area became the site of martyrdom of many Christians after the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64. Vatican City (/ˈvætɪkən/ (listen)), officially the Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano;[g] Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae),[h][i] is the Holy See's independent city state, an enclave within Rome, Italy. The Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See coordinates the finances of the Holy See departments and supervises the administration of all offices, whatever be their degree of autonomy, that manage these finances. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. But with the motu proprio Pontificalis Domus of 28 March 1968, Pope Paul VI abolished the honorary positions that had continued to exist until then, such as Quartermaster General and Master of the Horse. Citizenship is also extended to the spouse and children of a citizen, provided they are living together in the city. The Holy See is also a permanent observer in various international organizations, including the United Nations General Assembly, the Council of Europe, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). He presides over the Pontifical The Papal States thus held extensive territory and armed forces in 756–1870. Factbook > Countries > Holy See (Vatican City) > Government. Non-Italians enjoy allowances on their monthly salaries. The Governorate oversees the central governmental functions through several departments and offices. This form is elective monarchy because only a pope is elected and only pope can ascend to the seat. The Governorate consists of the President of the Pontifical Commission—using the title "President of the Governorate of Vatican City"—a General Secretary, and a Vice General Secretary, each appointed by the pope for five year terms. According to Catholic tradition it was founded in the first century by Saints Peter and Paul, by virtue of Petrine and papal primacy, and it is the focal point of full communion for Catholic Christians around the world. The Holy See is a member of various international organizations and groups including the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Telecommunication Union, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). [84] Because of their rarity, Vatican euro coins are highly sought by collectors. The government of Vatican City has a unique structure. The Vatican City State is not a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The pope exercises principal legislative, executive, and judicial power over the State of Vatican City (an entity distinct from the Holy See), which is a rare case of a non-hereditary monarchy. The pope exercises principal legislative, executive, and judicial power over the State of Vatican City (an entity distinct from the Holy See), which is a rare case of a non-hereditary monarchy. [98] Furthermore, it is the only site to date registered with the UNESCO as a centre containing monuments in the "International Register of Cultural Property under Special Protection" according to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. Acts of the commission must be approved by the Pope, through the Holy See's Secretariat of State, and before taking effect must be published in a special appendix of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis. A shrine dedicated to the Phrygian goddess Cybele and her consort Attis remained active long after the ancient Basilica of St. Peter was built nearby. 453 residents and 372 nonresident citizens. Those of the Vatican State remain under the control of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City. State of the Vatican City and the universal Roman Catholic Church. Although German troops occupied the city of Rome after the September 1943 Armistice of Cassibile, and the Allies from 1944, they respected Vatican City as neutral territory. The state can thus be deemed a significant but not essential instrument of the Holy See. The nobility that was closely associated with the Holy See at the time of the Papal States continued to be associated with the Papal Court after the loss of these territories, generally with merely nominal duties (see Papal Master of the Horse, Prefecture of the Pontifical Household, Hereditary officers of the Roman Curia, Black Nobility). B. Stemma Ufficiale dello Stato della Città del Vaticano") of the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State, 7 June 1929", Between Venus and Mars, the Church of Rome Chooses Both, The Holy See in the course of time, from an Orthodox perspective, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Heads of the diplomatic missions of the Holy See, Order of Saint Sylvester and the Militia Aurata, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province, Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality, Congregation for Indulgences and Sacred Relics, Secretariate of Briefs to Princes and of Latin Letters, Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church, Pontifical Council for Social Communications, Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Conference of the Latin Bishops of the Arab Regions, Roman Catholic ecclesiastical province of Rome, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria, Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Holy_See&oldid=980789727, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Italian-language text, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Retreat for the Clergy of Saints John and Paul, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 13:27. This voting takes place within a conclave in Sistine Chapel. The diplomatic activities of the Holy See are directed by the Secretariat of State (headed by the Cardinal Secretary of State), through the Section for Relations with States. Candidates must be members of the church, baptized in the church and be in a position to be ordained as Bishops since the Pope is the Bishop of Rome. Acts of the commission must be approved by the pope, through the Holy See's Secretariat of State, and before taking effect must be published in a special appendix of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis. [24] Tacitus wrote, that in AD 69, the Year of the Four Emperors, when the northern army that brought Vitellius to power arrived in Rome, "a large proportion camped in the unhealthy districts of the Vatican, which resulted in many deaths among the common soldiery; and the Tiber being close by, the inability of the Gauls and Germans to bear the heat and the consequent greed with which they drank from the stream weakened their bodies, which were already an easy prey to disease". Cardinals write the name of their preferred candidates and swear that his choice is best in the eyes of God. Pietro Parolin in Occasione della sua Nomina a Segretario di Stato", "Economic Report of the Holy See for 2000", "How the Vatican built a secret property empire using Mussolini's millions", "Bilateral and Multilateral Relations of the Holy See, update on October 22, 2009", Bilateral and Multilateral Relations of the Holy See, "179 states have full diplomatic relations with the Holy See", "Mission Impossible: Eject the Holy See from the United Nations", Holy See Press Office: "Bilateral and Multilateral Relations of the Holy See", Foreign & Commonwealth Office: Travel & living abroad, Ambassador's Address on UK-Holy See Relations, Lecture by Archbishop Giovanni Lajolo, 16 February 2006, Lecture by Archbishop Jean-Louis Tauran, 22 April 2002, "Päpstliche Schweizergarde: 1506 Foundation", "Chapter XXVI: Disarmament – No. The pope is the sovereign of the state. At the end of 2005, the Guard had 134 members. Members are equipped with small arms and the traditional halberd (also called the Swiss voulge), and trained in bodyguarding tactics. 3) St. Peter's Square, up to but not including the steps leading to the basilica, is normally patrolled by the Italian police.[44]. Wedding traditions of the different countries. Its seven members are cardinals appointed by the Pope for terms of five years. The pontiff also ordered that the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See would be the Vatican's central bank, with responsibilities similar to other central banks around the world.[88]. For these audiences and for major ceremonies in Saint Peter's Basilica and Square, tickets free of charge must be obtained beforehand. Upon success, the votes are burnt and produce a white smoke significantly announcing to the public that there is a new {ope, followed by church bells. Its seven members are cardinals appointed by the Pope for terms of five years. payable in the Vatican City. In Europe only Belarus is also a non-party, non-signatory state. [82] Other industries include printing, the production of mosaics, and the manufacture of staff uniforms. The term "Holy See" refers not to the Vatican state but to the Pope's spiritual and pastoral governance, largely exercised through the Roman Curia. In the first decades of the existence of the Vatican City State, executive functions were entrusted to some of them, including that of delegate for the State of Vatican City (now denominated president of the Commission for Vatican City). engages in diplomatic relations with the European Union (EU) in

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